Technology

Published on August 23rd, 2013 | by jp

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Different Types Of Panoramic Photography

You may have read a lot about panorama pictures, how to develop them and which photo stitching software to use. But before you start with making a panorama picture from your clicks, it is important to know that there are different techniques based on the stitching style that are used to develop panorama pictures. The three main categories in which panorama pictures can be divided are:

  • Cylindrical
  • Spherical
  • Planar

Cylindrical Panorama 

The shooting style for each of these three categories differs from the other. If you intend to develop a cylindrical panorama picture, you will have to shoot horizontally, vertically and even in slanting direction.

Spherical Panorama 

The spherical panorama picture on the other hand caters both inner and outer area of the sphere.

Let us see how we can take both inner and outer cylindrical shots.

i. Inner Sphere 

While taking inner cylindrical shots the camera is fixed in one place. The panorama is created by applying certain features after the pictures are taken. The camera is moved around 360 degrees keeping its location at the same index. The pictures taken are then processed and stitched together to form a panorama picture. The images taken through this technique form an inner cylinder from one end to another.

There Are Two Ways To Take Inner Sphere Panorama Shots 

  • Take pictures of the subject from all sides using a usual format from any camera. These pictures can then be joined to form a hollow ball. The face of the images is inwards and any person standing on the ball can view all sides of the subject.  The pictures taken should cover upper, lower, left and right images, missing any side may affect your sphere format.
  • The other technique to shot inner sphere shots is to use a fisheye lens and shoot a number of images. Once a number of images are available, they are placed and stitched together through software.

ii. Outer-Cylinder 

While shooting for the Outer-cylinder panorama, the subject is made stationed at a single point and the pictures are taken my moving the camera around it. The camera is moved around to shoot each angle from top to bottom and right to left. Now the images are placed in a way that they make a view in which the viewer is standing outside the sphere to view the object. As they provide outer images of the subject and are taken by moving the camera around the object, the technique is referred as Outer-cylinder panorama.

In Order To Shoot Out Sphere Panorama Picture Consider Following Guideline 

  • For outer sphere panorama, the subject has to be in a shape of a globe or close to it
  • The camera has to be rotated around the subject keeping the distance of the camera and subject same for entire clicking.
  • Each and every angle should be covered so the images can be stitched together to form a globe
  • As it is an outer spherical panorama, the images should face outside
  • Satellite image of the earth is obtained through this technique.

Planar-Panorama: 

Planar-panorama is used when shooting the images at the same time is not possible. Consider creating a panoramic image of a huge building. The camera has to be taken around the building while maintaining a constant distance of the camera, building, and a number of pictures have to be taken. These pictures are then stitched together to form a panorama picture

The above mentioned types are just the general types of Panorama Photography being done in the world. Specific software offer specific features. One of the most famous and authentic photo stitching software Panorama Maker is definitely worth a try due to the immense features it provides. It costs only 79.99 USD and can create panorama in 5 different stitching modes, Auto, Horizontal, 360, Tile, and vertical, which makes it a perfect choice for majority of users.

Chris Pine is a wild life photographer who loves to blog in his free time. He has a blog where he shares all his creative photogprah. He uses a special software by Arcsoft for giving panaromic effects to his photos whenver needed.

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